Main objectives 

  • Assess drone and camera models adapted to different grassland-based cattle and sheep systems.
  • Create an inventory of different routines and drones uses according to the systems and technologies
  • Assess the impact of using drones for livestock monitoring, such as time-saving, labour decrease, decision planning  and other socio-economic and environmental impacts 


Institut de l’Elevage

Experimental design

  • 2 years of data collection with 2 or 3 periods per year
  • Each monthly period with 4 alternating weeks of reference  and drone monitoring 
  • Data measured:
    • Quantitative: monitoring time, LCA/LCC data 
    • Qualitative : physical workload, mental workload, human-animal relations, skills, work flexibility etc.)

Final Aim
A practical guidebook for end users called:  “Drones in grassland based livestock farming: opportunities, risks and best practices”

Why a guidebook?

According to a french national survey of 2032 livestock farmers on precision tool adoption

  • 8% are equipped with drones BUT they need a clear framework to evaluate the safety and legality of their uses
  • 19% are thinking about buying one in the next 2 years BUT they need a framework to protect themselves and decided if the tool suits their systems
977 698 ICAERUS

Drone Stakeholders survey (e.g. Drone manufacturers, Drone service providers, Software developers)

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