Develop a Decision Support System (DSS) based on innovative AI computer vision algorithms

The AgroTwin project aims to exploit 3D point clouds (big data) generated by consumer-grade RGB drones in order to develop a Decision Support System (DSS) based on innovative AI computer vision algorithms, that automatically analyse vineyards digital twin and assess for canopy biometrics and field parameters, to create vigor and prescription maps for optimized variable rate pesticide treatments.

The proposed DSS will help farmers to reach the EU Green Deal targets, that aim to reduce the use of pesticides by 50% by 2030, decreasing economic, social and environmental impacts in agriculture.

Responsible organisation

Challenges and how they will be addressed

The challenges of the proposed project involve developing the computer vision AI algorithms, ensuring data accuracy and reliability and effectively reaching end-users in rural areas. These challenges will be addressed by testing and validating the solution in a real winery with real working conditions, also comparing results to field manual measurements, in order to minimize the risks, collect farmer/technicians feedback and maximize the quality of the DSS output.

Tech components and data

The technology employed in the solution includes the use of consumer-grade drones equipped with RGB cameras, open-source photogrammetry software to generate 3D point clouds, AI computer vision algorithms to analyse big data and assess canopy biometrics, as well as vegetative indices (LAI, LWA, TRV) and DSS models to assess the optimal pesticide and water doses for treatments.

Expected outcomes


AI computer vision algorithms to automatically analyse the vineyard 3D point cloud and get biometric parameters with an error up to 10% with respect to manual measures;


Up to 90% increase in accuracy, repeatability and time-savings of plants biometrics data compared to the measurements carried out manually with a measuring tape


Up to 60% reduction of pesticides and water compared to traditional treatments, based on farm history and without preventive monitoring of the intra-field spatial variability, guaranteeing at the same time an adequate coverage efficiency


Up to 60% reduction of air/aquifers pollution, as a consequence of point 3


Up to 60% reduction of pesticide residues in final products, as a consequence of point 3

About Agrobit

Agrobit in an italian innovative agtech startup that develops terrestrial imaging solutions (iAgro, iTractor, iDrone) for the agriculture sector to support farmers/technicians in reducing/optimizing the use of chemical inputs and water. Agrobit uses different type of cameras in combination with computer vision and AI algorithms to assess crops status and relevant agronomic parameters.

Drone Stakeholders survey (e.g. Drone manufacturers, Drone service providers, Software developers)

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      Views and opinions expressed are however those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or Research Executive Agency. Neither the European Union nor the granting authority can be held responsible for them.

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